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Commercial property insurance buyers can expect further rate hikes this year due to a confluence of factors, with catastrophe-exposed and loss-hit accounts bearing the brunt of tightening capacity and increases of 25% and higher.
A difficult Jan. 1 reinsurance renewal season, in which property insurers faced capacity limitations and significant rate hikes, has added uncertainty in a market already hit by Hurricane Ian and other catastrophe losses and inflation, market experts say.
Property catastrophe reinsurance rates for loss-hit U.S. accounts jumped between 45% and 100% at Jan. 1 renewals, according to a Gallagher Re report issued last week. What the knock-on effect will be for property insurance policyholders this year remains unclear, brokers said.
More challenging reinsurance treaty renewals and insurer and reinsurer concerns over property cat exposures and their cost of capital are driving current market conditions, said Rick Miller, Boston-based U.S. property practice leader at Aon PLC’s commercial risk solutions business.
“It’s a bifurcated market between natural catastrophe-exposed and non-catastrophe-exposed business,” Mr. Miller said. Accounts with significant wind exposures, especially in the Southeast, are “extremely challenging,” he said.
At year-end renewals, some large accounts with Florida exposures bought lower limits than they had bought previously because of cost concerns, Mr. Miller said. “We were still able to put together significant limit on some Florida deals, but it was much more challenging,” he said.
The fourth quarter of 2022 was the 20th consecutive quarter of increasing rates, based on Aon data, which is “unprecedented in recent history,” he said.
Capacity is the biggest challenge, said Jeff Buyze, Fort Lauderdale, Florida-based vice president, national property practice leader at USI Insurance Services LLC.
“When an incumbent carrier pulls back in the current line that they're providing – let's say they were providing $100 million the year before, and now they can only provide, say, $5 million or $10 million – that's where we're seeing the largest rate increases, and the most difficult renewals,” Mr. Buyze said.
The reduction in capacity is not just affecting catastrophe-exposed accounts, Mr. Buyze said. Accounts with a challenging loss history, poor risk quality – such as older frame construction – and with outstanding loss control recommendations, are seeing “the most pressure, and the most difficulty when it comes to capacity and rates,” he said.
“Traditionally, in this type of market, you would see new entrants … but the capital itself isn’t finding its way to the reinsurance or the insurance market,” and this cycle is likely to continue at least in the first six to 10 months of 2023, he said. Interest in captives and parametric coverages is increasing, he added.
Catastrophe-exposed property and non-catastrophe-exposed property with poor loss history or poor risk quality will continue to see rate increases of 25% up to 150% in the first half of 2023, unchanged from the end of 2022, USI said in a report issued last week.
Catastrophe-exposed property with minimal loss history and good risk quality will see rate increases of between 15% and 50%, while property in non-catastrophic regions with minimal loss history will see rates up 5% to 10%, USI said.
Insurers varied in their quoting at year-end renewals, driven by the characteristics of the risk and specific geography, said Michael Rouse, New York-based U.S. property practice leader at Marsh LLC.
“Without a doubt, the windstorm, hurricane-exposed states like Florida and Louisiana continue to be a struggle, both from a capacity standpoint and pricing, as well as terms and conditions,” Mr. Rouse said.
For some larger property schedules, there were still higher rates and tighter terms and conditions but a more competitive marketplace, he said. “Outside Florida, prices rose but not necessarily close to the same degree. In some instances, you could move from carrier A to carrier B to help mitigate rates,” he said.
In some cases, policyholders are struggling to buy limits that they have historically, Mr. Rouse said.
High-quality accounts with good loss control that are properly valued, loss-free and not exposed to catastrophes are seeing either flat rates or perhaps slight decreases or slight increases, said Peter Fallon, national property practice leader at brokerage Risk Strategies Co. Inc. in Boston.
Accounts where property valuations don’t accurately reflect the risk, that have had losses or are in catastrophe-exposed locations are getting hit hard, he said.
Following Jan. 1 reinsurance renewals, underwriters have many questions over how reinsurance changes will affect their own business, he said.
“If the reinsurers are asking for more money and making changes in terms of coverage and limits, how's that now going to make its way down to the individual insurance companies and then their clients?” Mr. Fallon said.
There’s still a lot of uncertainty in the market, and recent feedback from insurers suggests that prices will increase even if capacity stays the same, said Christie Weinstein, New York-based director, risk management, at Honeywell International Inc. and a Risk & Insurance Management Society Inc. board director. Honeywell’s property insurance program renews in May.
“As pricing goes up risk managers are relying more on brokers to find different strategic approaches to managing risk versus true risk transfer,” Ms. Weinstein said.
“Maybe you can restrict coverage or play with the way the coverage or limits are addressed or sublimit specific coverages, instead of taking a broad-brushed, larger retention,” Ms. Weinstein said.
Conversations with clients are changing and there is greater focus on analytics, said Kathy Bettencourt, New York-based Northeast property broking leader at Willis Towers Watson PLC.
After multiple years of rate increases, many policyholders are reevaluating how much coverage they need, and whether they should continue transferring risk or start looking at risk financing, Ms. Bettencourt said.
In terms of overall limits “we’re seeing our clients start to buy less, because they’re taking the time to evaluate what they really need,” she said.