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(Reuters) – As many as 2,000 companies could disappear from the off-exchange “pink sheets,” long a favorite of retail investors, when a new rule aimed at stamping out fraud in this notoriously risky enclave of U.S. equities markets comes into effect next week.
The Securities and Exchange Commission rule boosts investor disclosures by requiring off-exchange issuers, frequently penny-stock companies that do not meet the main exchanges’ listing standards, to make accurate, up-to-date financial information publicly available.
Due to a loophole in the current rules, around 2,000 of the roughly 11,000 companies quoted on the Pink Market operated by New York-based OTC Markets Group do not publicly provide such information.
OTC Markets has been trying to spread the word and encourage companies to get their paperwork in order, but it was still unclear how many would do so in time for the Sept. 28 deadline, if at all, said Daniel Zinn, the company’s general counsel.
The market operator may have to remove, if only temporarily, between 1,000 and 2,000 stocks from the Pink Market, he estimated, meaning broker quotes will no longer be available to investors via online retail broker platforms.
The shakeup, which comes amid a boom in retail trading, has led some brokers including Charles Schwab/TD Ameritrade and Fidelity to bar new purchases in affected stocks, causing consternation among retail investors unsure of whether to bail out or stay the course in the hopes that the companies comply.
While customers will be still able to sell their shares after Sept. 28, brokers have warned of severely limited liquidity, which usually means investors get a bad deal. Investors still keen to dabble in companies that have not complied may have to call up their broker for a quote.
The rule will also apply to some government and corporate bond issuers, leading industry lobby groups to warn this week of potential disruption to that critical funding market.
Overall, the new rule is likely to increase the cost of trading these companies, said Mr. Zinn.
“We’re in agreement with the SEC’s goals of providing as much disclosure as possible,” said Mr. Zinn. Some companies, however, prefer not to provide public financial data for a number of legitimate reasons, or may be unable to, he continued.
For example, some companies may not want to incur the legal cost of providing compliant paperwork, while others may not want to promote trading in their stock.
“In those circumstances, no quotes at all may lead to more harm than help for existing investors,” said Mr. Zinn.
The SEC did not respond to a request for comment.
The Pink Market is home to an array of issuers, including reputable foreign companies seeking a gateway to the United States. But some are highly risky and volatile penny-stock companies in distress, delinquency or which are simply shells.
The SEC has warned that the off-exchange market, more broadly, is rife with fraud and manipulation.
Under the SEC’s previous rules, broker-dealers had to review a company’s financials before providing quotes in its stock on the Pink Market, unless another broker-dealer had already vetted them. That was the case even if the initial review happened years ago and the company had since stopped publishing financial information. The new SEC rule ends that exemption.
“Companies are on notice to provide a certain level of transparency for their investors or they can't be easily quoted. That’s a good thing,” said Georgetown University professor Jim Angel. “The problem is what about the companies that choose not to disclose? Their shareholders are being punished for the actions of the companies.”
(Reuters) – Iowa-based farm services provider NEW Cooperative Inc. said on Monday its systems were offline to contain a “cybersecurity” incident just as the U.S. farm belt gears up for harvest.