NEW YORK (Reuters) — A divided federal appeals court on Tuesday strengthened the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's ability to recover insider trading profit from people who do not personally benefit directly from their alleged illegal trades.
By a 2-1 vote, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York said former Jefferies Group Inc. portfolio manager Joseph Contorinis, convicted in 2010 of insider trading, must give up $7.26 million of alleged illegal profit that he made for the firm's Paragon Fund, plus $2.42 million in interest.
“Whether the defendant's motive is direct economic profit, self-aggrandizement, psychic satisfaction from benefiting a loved one, or future profits by enhancing one's reputation as a successful fund manager, the insider trader who trades for another's account has engaged in a fraud, secured a benefit thereby, and directed the profits of the fraud where he has chosen them to go,” Circuit Judge Gerard Lynch wrote for the majority.
The decision could affect how much people convicted of insider trading on behalf of hedge funds may have to pay in related SEC civil cases. Many of these cases are in New York, which is part of the 2nd Circuit.
“This is a huge decision, and ratchets up substantially the deterrent effect of prosecutions,” James Cox, a law professor at Duke University, said in a phone interview.
Mr. Contorinis, 49, is serving a six-year prison term following his October 2010 conviction for securities fraud and conspiracy over trades in supermarket chain Albertsons Inc. ahead of its 2006 buyout by Supervalu Inc., CVS Corp. and investors led by Cerberus Capital Management L.P.
Prosecutors said Mr. Contorinis' trades were based on tips from Nicos Stephanou, a friend and former banker at UBS A.G., which was advising the Cerberus group on the buyout.
U.S. District Judge Richard Sullivan in Manhattan, who oversaw the criminal and civil cases, previously ordered Mr. Contorinis to forfeit $427,875 in the criminal case. Tuesday's decision upheld the penalty in the SEC civil case.
Roberto Finzi, a partner at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison who represents Mr. Contorinis, did not immediately respond to requests for comment. An SEC spokesman said the regulator is pleased with the decision.
In his appeal of the civil penalty, Mr. Contorinis said he should not have to give up, or disgorge, profit he made for Paragon because he did not personally control that profit.
Writing for the 2nd Circuit majority, however, Judge Lynch said there was “no injustice” in holding Mr. Contorinis liable, given that successful trading could boost his reputation and pay.
Circuit Judge Denny Chin dissented. He said disgorgement is supposed to be remedial rather than punitive, and that “while Contorinis undeniably deserved to be punished, disgorgement was not the proper mechanism.”
Mr. Cox, the Duke professor, said “the level of profits that could be subject to disgorgement by employees could be so huge that it would be seen as a punishment.”
Mr. Stephanou pleaded guilty to securities fraud and conspiracy and testified against Mr. Contorinis. After spending 19 months in jail, Mr. Stephanou was sentenced by Judge Sullivan to time served.
According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, Mr. Contorinis is housed at the Beckley prison complex in Beaver, W. Va., and not eligible for release until December 2015.
Jefferies Group is now part of Leucadia National Corp., and CVS is now known as CVS Caremark Corp.